A) About Organization
Water For People India initiated its operations in West Bengal in 1996 in Nadia and North 24 Parganas districts. Consistent with the global vision and mission, we exist to promote the development of high-quality drinking water and sanitation services, accessible to all, and sustained by strong communities, businesses, and governments. Our organizational values are accountability, courage, empowerment, partnership and transparency.
Water For People India programs have been implemented in 28 districts in the states of West Bengal, Bihar, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Assam, and Odisha. In all, nearly 1.2 million people have been reached through community drinking water and sanitation, WASH in public institutions (i.e. schools) and market led approaches to sanitation. By 2023, Water For People India programs aim to directly benefit 2.7 million people. We aim to build capacities at the district level which will contribute to organizational commitments, thereby indirectly benefitting 14.8 million people. Water For People India implements programs directly and also through locally registered non-government organizations.
B) The Context: Community Latrine Building Approach in Peri-urban areas
Water For People supports innovative approaches to sanitation solutions and business models capable of providing sustainable sanitation services to meet the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 target of universal access to sanitation by 2030. Water For People supports the development and implementation of sanitation initiatives by rethinking and experimenting with sanitation services through market systems development, which is based on the principle that on-site sanitation at scale can only be achieved and sustained through private sector service provision.
We begin every sanitation initiative by gathering knowledge and research about current sanitation services. Water For People’s progress in sanitation follows a cyclical process with emphasis on scale from the beginning:
- Phase 1—Idea Testing: Providing support for promising technologies and business plans to grow. The key milestones are when the sanitation services and products meet the expectations of households and sanitation products and services are used regularly.
- Phase 2—Viability/Market Testing: Supporting small-scale, controlled market implementation with aggregation of successes for sharing, volume and momentum, especially in peri-urban areas with high population density. The key milestones are when businesses that provide desirable sanitation products and services are profitable and scalable.
- Phase 3—Scale: Facilitating the policy environment, marketing, awareness and financial services, leading ultimately to a marketplace that reaches even the poorest of the poor. The key milestone is achieving our Exit Checklist for sanitation in the Everyone Forever districts.
- Demonstrating success at each of these phases is critical for us if we are to achieve scale with sanitation.
- With the above foundation, Water For People India is keen to undertake a rapid exploratory study to understand the community latrine building approach in peri-urban Kolkata for sustainability and scale . The study is expected to find/explore business models that have the potential to unlock commercial funding for construction, operation and maintenance of community latrines.
C) Scope of Engagement
- Water For People India wishes to carry out a study on “community latrine building approach in peri-urban Kolkata” focusing on ward no. 80 to explore the following areas of enquiry:
- The coverage and functionality of community toilets
- The role of local institutions (community, institutional/government, financing groups – SHGs/federations/microfinance institutions) that exist to take care of these facilities.
- The level of uptake and interest among community members, revenue models for construction and operations and maintenance, and potential areas for supporting or intervening in the process.
- Identify and engage with Urban local Bodies and Kolkata Municipal Corporation to understand their plans for construction/renovation of community toilets and other urban sanitation initiatives that support the functionality of the facilities.
- Key gaps and opportunities in financing (Capital Expenditure and Operational expenditure) and private sector engagement (Corporates, MFIs, Local Enterprises, community-based groups).
- Possible partnership models for planning, design and construction, operations and maintenance and sustainability of these facilities
- SWOT analysis of the proposed business models
- The findings from this rapid study will be presented to the ULB, Government, and other potential private investors to build interest for collaboration on a pilot. The assignment also includes preparation of a proposal for a pilot, which will be developed with relevant stakeholders, outlining their responsibilities and contributions.