Bangladesh nationals: WASH: Development of National O&M Strategies
UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. To save their lives. To defend their rights. To help them fulfill their potential.
Across 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, every day, to build a better world for everyone.
And we never give up.
Purpose of Activity/Assignment:
Bangladesh’s high universal access to improved water sources (98%) masks many of the threats, especially the poorest communities are facing to their right to safe water. The public sector in Bangladesh continues to provide safe water points, primarily deep tube wells, to collectives of ten or more people. While the existing target densities of people-per-water point are met, there are substantial gaps in terms of O&M, infrastructure functionality, and water supply reliability: On average over 13% of public water infrastructure is non-functional (breakdown of non-functionality according to technology: 24% for rain water harvesting | 47% for pond sand filter | 28% for ring wells). Due to lack of proper maintenance, the technologies have been remained non-functional and become abundant. The same incidents are occurred in case of public and community toilets. The toilets made for public and community remains in unused condition and no steps for maintenance is taken for absence of effective maintenance. This issue points to a number of underlying causes:
- Investment decisions are not sufficiently guided by empirical evidence on aquifer configuration, groundwater quality, and existing infrastructure mapping
- Uncoordinated investments by public and private sectors which need to be addressed through newer institutional models involving monitoring and regulation of diverse water supply systems
- The lack of sustainable financing mechanisms to ensure infrastructure maintenance, affordable and equitable services.
Water and sanitation policy 1998 stated that O&M would the responsibility of the user groups. But in case of higher-level services like PSF, MAR, AIRP, piped water system and community, and public toilet etc. this is beyond the capacity of individuals to ensure its proper O&M unless system is in place. Sporadic effort has been made from the sector partner to develop different O&M models but these are not streamlined due to lack to policy guideline and lack of common sector O&M strategy. This backdrop Local Govt. Division (LGD) with request of UNICEF via Policy Support Branch (LGD) of LGD formed a 17 member Working Committee to formulate National Operation and Maintenance Guideline for Water Supply & Sanitation. For carrying out this tasks effectively a technical committee with the WASH sector expert. To support the technical committee in collecting and analysing primary and secondary data, preparing recommendation and drafting the guideline a consultant need to be engaged. UNICEF was requested to take necessary action to recruit the consultant who will work closely with the technical Committee and PSB. The consultant should have experience developing slimier kind of guideline and familiar with GoB process.
Under this assignment, some of the expected tasks include:
- Collect and review the secondary data and documents on rural and urban water supply technologies regarding operation and maintenance (O&M) issues.
- Consultation with key sector stakeholders like LGD, DPHE, DPE, DSHE, City Authorities, LGIs, Health Engineering Department (HED), Education Engineering Department (EED), LGED, WASAs, City Authorities, development partners, NGOs etc. to share their experiences and views regarding the vital issue of O&M.
- Conduct FDG, Key Informant’s Interview (KII) regarding the prevailing situation and practice of operation and maintenance status of existing water supply and sanitation technologies.
- Identify existing bottlenecks and key challenges in operation and maintenance.
- Review existing policy, guideline and standards regarding the operation and maintenance of water supply and sanitation facilities.
- Review and assess different good practices on O&M model done by sector partners
- Prepare recommendation policy directives to ensure the proper implementation of the proposed guideline.
- Prepare recommendations for the technical committee for preparing the finalize strategy of operation and maintenance for WSS for rural and urban context including WASH in institutes.
 JMP, 2019
 Effectiveness of Rural Water Points in Bangladesh with special reference to arsenic mitigation, P Ravenscroft, A Kabir, S A I Hakim, A. K. M. Ibrahim, S K Ghosh, M S Rahman, F Akhter and M A Sattar, Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 2014
1. Collect and review the secondary data and documents on rural and urban water supply technologies regarding operation and maintenance (O&M) issues.
2. Consultation with key sector stakeholders like LGD, DPHE, DPE, DSHE, City Authorities, LGIs, Health Engineering Department (HED), Education Engineering Department (EED), LGED, WASAs, City Authorities, development partners, NGOs etc. to share their experiences and views regarding the vital issue of O&M.
3. Conduct FDG, Key Informant’s Interview (KII) regarding the prevailing situation and practice of operation and maintenance status of existing water supply and sanitation technologies.
4. Review existing policy, guideline and standards regarding the operation and maintenance of water supply and sanitation facilities.
5. Conduct field assessment review and assess different good practices on O&M model done by sector partners
6. Prepare recommendation policy directives to ensure the proper implementation of the proposed guideline.
7. Prepare recommendations for the technical committee for preparing the draft strategy of operation and maintenance for WSS for rural and urban context including WASH in institutes.
8. Conduct consultation workshops with sector stakeholder to share draft strategy of operation and maintenance for WSS for rural and urban context including WASH in institutes.
9. Finalize strategy of operation and maintenance for WSS for rural and urban context including WASH in institutes based on feedback received from technical committee and sector stakeholders
To qualify as an advocate for every child you will have…
- Advanced university degree in one of the following areas: Civil/Mechanical/Water and Sanitation Engineering, Public Health Engineering or a field relevant to WASH related development assistance.
- At least 10 years’ experience in development field, preferably in the water and sanitation sector;
- Strong field implementation experience of the water supply, sanitation and waste management in rural, peri-urban and urban areas in Bangladesh;
- Experience in assessing technical, operational and maintenance aspects of drinking water sources and technologies;
- Sound understanding and experience of research work using mix-methods;
- Extensive experience in organizing and facilitating meetings/workshops/seminars;
- Knowledge and information about the local context, capacity of the local NGOs on WASH and capacities of various stakeholders, would be considered an asset;
- Have strong knowledge in developing policies and strategies
- Well convergent with the development programme aspect of water supply and sanitation;
- Good written and spoken in English.
- Computer skills especially in word processing, MS Excels is preferred.
For every Child, you demonstrate…
UNICEF's values of Care, Respect, Integrity, Trust, and Accountability (CRITA) and core competencies in Communication, Working with People and Drive for Results.
View our competency framework at
UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages all candidates, irrespective of gender, nationality, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of the organization.
UNICEF has a zero-tolerance policy on conduct that is incompatible with the aims and objectives of the United Nations and UNICEF, including sexual exploitation and abuse, sexual harassment, abuse of authority and discrimination. UNICEF also adheres to strict child safeguarding principles. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks, and will be expected to adhere to these standards and principles.
Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted and advance to the next stage of the selection process.
Opening Date Mon Jan 06 2020 06:00:00 GMT+0300 (Arabian Standard Time) Bangladesh Standard Time
Closing Date Tue Jan 21 2020 20:55:00 GMT+0300 (Arabian Standard Time