Anganwadi Centres (AWCs) are part of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme, a centrally sponsored Scheme under the Ministry of Women and Child Development. There are 13.5 lakh operational AWCs and 7,076 ICDS Projects across the country. Anganwadis run for 4.5 hours a day, six days a week, and anganwadi workers visit 2-3 households per day.
Under the Swachh Bharat Mission, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) or sanitation initiatives in Anganwadi centres were not prioritised to the extent required. As per the annual report of the Ministry of Women and Child Development as of March 2016, 70% AWCs had drinking water facilities within the premises and 63% AWCs had toilet facilities. For communities to become Open Defecation Free (ODF), it is imperative that all institutions like Anganwadis, schools and health centres within the community have functional toilets in adequate numbers to meet the needs of the populations they serve. Although Sustainable Development Goals and Indicators do not specifically mention Anganwadi centres, the indicators on school WASH are relevant to Anganwadi centres as both institutions cater to children. The importance of WASH in schools has been recognized globally by its inclusion in the SDGs (targets 4.a, 6.1, 6.2) as key components of a 'safe, non-violent, inclusive and effective learning environment' and part of 'universal' WASH access. The same principles should by applied for anganwadis centres as well, with a suitable set of indicators developed for measuring progress.
Anganwadi centres with their specific daily contact with children under the age of six, adolescent girls, and pregnant and lactating mothers have a significant role to play in increasing their knowledge and encouraging important hygiene behaviours. Children, girls and women who have adequate water, sanitation and hygiene facilities at Anganwadi and exposed to using them, can potentially integrate improved hygiene behaviours into their daily lives, and can be effective influencers of change in their families and the wider community. In anganwadis that lack these basic facilities, children, women, girls and staff are compelled to use the open spaces, making them vulnerable to diarrhoea and worm infestations, and these defeat the intended nutrition and health related goals of the programs that Anganwadi centres represent.
The case for strengthening WASH services and hygiene behaviours in anganwadis is clear, however insights are required to identify how best to incorporate attention and adherence to WASH in anganwadi based services and activities. To this end, WaterAid plans to undertake a scoping study to understand the functioning of anganwadis in six States where WaterAid works – Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh.
WaterAid India is looking to engage a consultant to support the conduct of this study and requests proposals from consultants who meet the eligibility criteria.
This scoping study has the following objectives:
- To understand the extent to which water, sanitation and hygiene interventions are prioritised and addressed in nutrition policies and ICDS (or POSHAN Abhiyan) guidelines and services in six WaterAid States, and identify opportunities for incorporating these vital elements into these State initiatives.
- To understand the roles and responsibilities of anganwadi workers and helpers, and how they can be supported to take action on WASH, particularly hygiene promotion.
- To understand the extent to which the administrative and supervisory mechanisms of ICDS/ POSHAN is attentive to WASH, and how WASH can be incorporated into the Monitoring Information Systems (like the Common Application Software/CAS)
- To collate existing IEC/BCC materials used in anganwadis and through POSHAN Abhiyan, with a rapid review of whether and how they incorporate WASH.
The expected deliverables from the consultant are as follows:
- A detailed report that draws upon review and critical analysis of Government policies and programs related to ICDS and POSHAN, based on the structure provided by WaterAid India including the following:
- Analytical review of the inclusion of water, sanitation and hygiene in nutrition policy (or POSHAN Abhiyan) and ICDS services in six WaterAid States
- The roles and responsibilities of anganwadi workers and helpers, and how they can be supported to take action on WASH, particularly hygiene promotion within their existing work.
- Description of how the administrative and supervisory mechanisms of ICDS/ POSHAN is attentive to WASH, and how WASH can be incorporated into the Monitoring Information Systems
- Collation of existing IEC/BCC materials used in anganwadis and through ICDS and POSHAN Abhiyan, with a rapid review of whether and how they incorporate WASH.
- State specific presentation and data tables
WaterAid’s role in the study will be as outlined:
- Finalize study framework and activities to be undertaken, together with the consultant
- Develop and share a list of State, district and project level Government officials for key informant interviews in all six States
- Connect consultant with WaterAid State programs to facilitate State, district and block level dialogues and visits, interviews and FGDs with anganwadi workers
- Provide a well-designed and detailed checklist of questions for in-depth interviews and FGDs with anganwadi workers.
- Provide a structure and framework for documenting reviews, key informant interviews and FGDS.
- Finalising the structure for the final report
- Supporting the consultant through suggestions and brainstorming sessions on analytical documentation, review and analysis of government schemes and in preparing the report, as required
The sole ownership of the scoping study will be with WaterAid India, and the consultant will be expected to support in this process without having authorship or rights on the knowledge products or database arising out of the study. However, WaterAid India will acknowledge the roles and contributions of the consultant in relevant reports and knowledge products.
Qualification / specialised knowledge / Experience/ Competency:
WaterAid India is looking for a competent consultant (a single person), with following strengths:
- A strong understanding of Government health and nutrition policies and programs
- Familiarity with national and state level nutrition related policy measures and related documents.
- Experience in doing reviews and critical analysis/policy analysis of health and nutrition policies and programs
- Capacity and experience to plan and conduct field research (qualitative) that includes key informant interviews with Government officials and FGDs with anganwadi workers
- Ability to travel to all six States
- Fluency in English and Hindi
- Good documentation skills
- Experience of working for the established government and non-government agencies and think-tanks
- Understanding of WASH and experience thereof will be an added advantage.
Interested consultants are requested to submit the following documents to "> with subject line ‘Scoping Study on water, sanitation and hygiene interventions in anganwadis in six States’ by 11 December 2019, which should necessarily include:
1. Profile/ CV of the consultant that includes among other details, relevant research experience, known languages with proficiency levels, and names of past studies held and reports prepared
2. Two writing samples (that the consultant has been the sole author on)
3. A technical proposal for the specific call, including but not limited to the following components:
- Relevance of the scoping study
- Study activities and plan in accordance with timelines specified, with along with notes/ thoughts, and modifications suggested, if any
- Descriptive field work processes in the State- for key informant interviews and FGDs
- Quality assurance measures through the scoping study
- Deliverables and timelines for each of the study components
- Support required from WaterAid India
4. Financial bid, including a detailed budget and a desired payment schedule